After months of prepping soil and tending seedlings, you won’t like the pests and insects to chew up all your fresh vegetables.Deer, small rodents, insects and other creatures can quickly destroy a gardener’s hard work, but there are ways to prevent them from launching a full assault.

In earlier time the gardeners did not have an easy access to commercial products and fancy gadgets to protect their lettuce and tomatoes. They relied on techniques passed down from generation to generation.

Old-fashioned fixes included sprinkling hot pepper or concentrated animal urine (specifically, that of a predator such as a fox) throughout the garden bed. Other repellents that were commonly used included moth balls, cotton balls soaked in vinegar, crushed eggshells, human hair clippings, bacon grease, soap shavings and garlic juice. Some gardeners plant marigolds among vegetables, because the flower has an unpleasant smell to animals.

The problem is, these remedies are usually temporary. Animals will find a way around repellents if they’re hungry enough.

In order to control the “Groundhogs, Rabbits and Voles” you can place a barrier between animal visitors and your plants, such as fencing made of chicken wire or mesh plastic. It should be high enough to keep rabbits from hopping over (about 18 inches ) and deep enough to prevent burrowers from getting to root vegetables (at least four inches into the soil). For raised beds, lining the bottom with fine-mesh hardware cloth protects against critters that can dig even deeper, such as groundhogs. Check for large holes under fences or shrubs where bigger rodents may have entered, and seal them with wire mesh or wood planks.

Fabric screens (available pre-cut from $5-25), staked over plants, still allow sunlight and water to penetrate. But they also provide shelter for mice and voles, so if you have those, consider another method.

Keeping Deers away from the garden is one of the biggest challenges.Once they show up, it’s difficult to discourage their return.Deer are creatures of habit, so once they find a spot with enough food to eat, they’ll keep coming back for more.

High fences help keep deer from reaching the tops of vegetable plants, but if that’s is not possible, use a repellent that emits sulfurous odors ( i.e., bloodmeal or egg solids).

You have another problem known as “Garden Buggs“.Insect infestation needs to be controlled effectively. While chemical-based sprays and formulas destroy insect pests and keep rodents and other creatures at bay, they also might contaminate your crops and the environment.

Insecticidal soaps and natural, non-toxic oils such as neem oil, which prevents insects from reaching the maturation stage — are recommended to control whitefly, earwigs, aphids, thrips and other insects.Various types of Insect and animal repellents are available in garden centers now days.

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